Nazi Collaborators in the Soviet Union during and after World War II

Boris Kovalev

Abstract


Based on documents for the Russian
archives, which in the early 1990s became open to the researchers,
the author gives an account of the problem of collaborating
with Nazi Germany in the USSR during World War II. He discusses the role
of special punitive detachments, formed from the local populations
in the occupied territories, in assisting Nazis in their policy
of terror and genocide. A brief history of
the infamous 667th punitive battalion,
"Shelon, " and some of its members serves as
an illustrative example. The author also
explains why so many Nazi collaborators
from the former Soviet Union managed to
escape punishment and settle in the
Western countries, Canada and the United
States in particular, and also traces the
history of some of them.

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